During ancient times, humans built their domestic houses by using locally available building materials such as mud, wood, sun-dried bricks, thatch etc. With the passage of time, these temporary primitive dwellings evolved into durable strong structures with different styles of architecture.
A residential building is a building where people live in, it is a place used for dwelling purposes provided with sleeping facilities. It also gives shelter from harsh environmental conditions. Housing market is at the top in demand because everyone requires some living space in his life.
Here are many types of houses and residential buildings with different architectural themes.
Single family house or private villa
Single family houses are individual private dwellings or villas, usually owned by one single family. One can get a lot of privacy in this type of residences.
Villa architecture is built using different types of construction technologies. Villa architecture may be designed in a way to have nature into indoors with spectacular views to outdoor greenery from every corner of the house.
They are available in a variety of sizes in Pakistan such as 5 Marla, 10 Marla, 1 Kanal, 2 Kanal in some of the elite housing societies such as Defence Housing Authority in big metropolitan cities, i.e., Karachi, Lahore, Islamabad and they are accessible by wide roads.
Townhouses are houses where one or two walls are shared between the two houses. They are connected to each other in a row, with each house having its own separate entrance. They are generally two or more floors high and may have a front and a backyard.
Townhouses may be designed to have a uniform appearance. They are sometimes designed in a way that each house is different than the neighboring house, which gives a very unique look to the whole row of houses.
Duplex is a house where there are two living units that are attached to each other in one building. They can be either side by side or built on top of one another. Each living unit has its own separate entrance giving privacy to each family. They may have some open green areas at the front and/or backside.
A triplex is a house with three accommodation units, while quadruplex has four units.
Penthouse is an apartment on the upper floor of a building. It is a small dwelling built on the roof, usually the roof top, with surrounding outdoor area. They are small comfortable accommodation units with setbacks from the outer parapet walls. They are usually designed differently from the other dwelling units in the same building and are equipped with luxurious materials and facilities.
A farmhouse is a dwelling constructed on a farm or a rural land. These are the houses built on the agricultural lands for the inhabitants away from their usual residence. As they are surrounded by a farm or a landscaped setting, one can come here to spend quality time around the greenery and nature. They also have barns built near them. Farmhouse design should provide relaxation and warmth for the occupants.
Apartment or Flat
An apartment is an accommodation unit in a building, equipped with its own entrance, kitchen, bedroom and bathroom facilities. There are different types of apartments such as studio apartment, one bedroom apartment, two bedroom apartment etc. There are some common areas in the entire building which are shared by all occupants. Apartment design should be incorporating each and every inch of the area. They should be designed in a way to make spaces look open and welcoming.
Condominium or Condo
A condominium is a building with a number of apartments where each apartment is individually owned. In these separately owned apartments, there are specific common areas that are shared by all other owners.
A hostel is an economical dwelling unit where people rent a bed or a bunk bed. They share common areas like lounge, kitchen or bathroom. Some rooms can have their separate private bathroom and some have sharing.
Dormitory or Dorm
A dormitory is a large room designed for accommodating a number of people who are not usually related to each other. It provides sleeping facilities to the occupants. Generally, they are built at a school, college or a university for the students. It is a large room having several beds for individuals and they are usually without separate bathrooms.
A hotel is a building that provides accommodation, food and other services to tourists and travelers for short-term dwelling. A hotel room may have all basic facilities for living. There may be other additional facilities such as swimming pool, tennis court, basketball court, gymnasium, sauna, spa, dining etc.