Green architecture is a design approach to architecture that diminishes the adverse impact of buildings on the environment and human health. Green design focuses on the idea of sustainable energy sources. It emphasizes on the conservation of energy, ecological conservation and re-use of construction materials in the design of built environment. It is also known as sustainable architecture that is a philosophy of designing and constructing projects using environmentally friendly approaches.
During the twentieth century, buildings depleted a lot of earth’s resources such as energy, freshwater and raw materials. That resulted in greenhouse gas emissions and disposal of waste materials in landfills. As a result of this unpleasant surge of high-rise buildings and sprawl, some of the environmentalists in US initiated the idea of green architecture. They moved to rural areas where they started living in geodesic domes and other tent-like shelters which had very low impact on the earth.
Green architecture is a sustainable way of designing and constructing a green building keeping environment in the mind. A green architect incorporates eco-friendly architecture and ecological construction materials, building technology and vernacular architecture. Naturally available resources such as daylight and natural air are considered important into the design process to create an energy efficient structure. A sustainable architect advises the client about the aspects of making a building green. The architect designs the project incorporating client’s ideas as well as sustainable technology, materials and passive architecture.
Designer uses various approaches to lessen the energy requirements and increase a building’s ability to bring about its own energy in sustainable design architecture. Bioclimatic Architecture is a sustainable approach of designing buildings. It is a way of constructing energy efficient buildings using green building materials and sustainable construction technology. The geography of the site, location of the building and orientation of the sun play a significant role in creating bioclimatic architecture.
Green architecture or sustainable architecture includes sustainable materials such as wood and stone as well as recycled materials. Solar panels and insulation on walls, floors and roofs are among essential components to make a building green. Sustainable design promotes the physical, mental and spiritual health of the occupants and the society. It minimizes the negative impact of buildings on the environment by providing eco architecture and green efficient design for ecosystem. The key goal of sustainability is climate responsive architecture and energy efficiency throughout the life a built structure.
Biophilic Architecture, an idea of designing and constructing buildings with a deep relationship with the natural atmosphere by using nature directly or indirectly, is an important concept in sustainability. Architects, designers and engineers from different countries around the world including developing countries like Pakistan, are looking forward to offer ecological architecture, green ideas, regenerative architecture, sustainable possibilities and responsive architecture to the world so we can all live in a healthy green world.