Museum architecture has always been of great value and interest throughout history. Designing a museum is an exhilarating experience for the architects and other designers. While creating a design for a museum, an architect needs to focus on key factors including conservation and display of historical artefacts in a specific ambiance and climate control taking a holistic approach to design.
A museum is an institution where historical objects of artistic, religious and scientific significance are preserved and exhibited to people to educate and entertain them. It may sometimes be a symbol of commemoration. At times, museum architecture requires to convert the old historical building into a new development while keeping its existing historical features or structure that harmoniously merge with the new design in an exciting way. Museums can range from small to large institutions depending on the type.
There are various kinds of museum such as natural history museum, art museum, science museum, transportation museum, anthropology museum, archeology museum and many others.
Guggenheim Bilbao Museum, Basque Country, Spain
Guggenheim Bilbao Museum is an art museum in Spain. It was designed by a well-known architect Frank Gehry based on contemporary architecture. It was established in 1997. Design takes its astonishing form by the innovative bold curved architectural elements on the exterior. The architect designed them in a way to catch the light. Building is cladded with titanium panels assembled on steel structure giving a shimmery look to the facade. It is one of the prominent landmarks of deconstructionism movement.
Lahore Museum, Lahore, Pakistan
Lahore Museum is an art, archeology and modern history museum located in Lahore, Pakistan. It is designed on the concept of Mughal architecture blending elements from British Colonial architecture by a renowned architect Sir Ganga Ram. It was built during the British period in 1894. Façade is covered with red bricks with Mughal-Gothic architecture.
British Museum, London, England
British Museum is an art, culture and human history museum located in London, England. It was first established in 1753. Museum core was designed on Greek Revival architecture by the architect Sir Robert Smirke in 1823. Classical Greek ionic columns, pediment and raised podium are the main architectural elements of the structure. It was built on concrete base and cladded with Portland stone.
Louvre Museum, Paris, France
Louvre Museum is an art and history museum located in Paris, France. Glass pyramid was designed on the central courtyard by the architect I. M. Pei. This large pyramid serves as the entrance to the museum and it was completed in 1989.
Museo Soumaya, Mexico City, Mexico
Museo Soumaya is an art museum in Mexico City comprising of two buildings such as Plaza Carso and Plaza Loreto. Museo Soumaya’s new building was designed by the architect Fernando Romero at Plaza Carso. It opened to the public in 2011. It has six floors with the total height of 46m. On the exterior, it is cladded with 16000 aluminium panels in hexagonal geometry assembled on a curved façade that give a shiny appearance to the museum structure.